The Egyptian stones
The stone is a vertical slab decorated with reliefs and inscriptions. Many of these have been found in some countries of the world such as Egypt, Greece and even some in China. The Egyptian stems often have a funerary and commemorative meaning. Usually they were stuck in the walls of the tombs, to ensure prayers to the deceased.
The papyrus was a plant that grew along the Nile. All its parts were used for different purposes, but the most important was the stem, which, once worked, was transformed into paper. Only expert scribes wrote on papyrus sheets. To write about them, they used ink obtained by dipping the brush into the water. Hieroglyphs can be found on papyri, but also on tombs and statues. They were used in particular to write sacred texts and prayers. For everyday things, however, the scribes used a georglifical script called "hieratic". hiamata "ieratica".
At the Egyptian Museum in Turin, is exposed a papyrus of thirteen meters long !!
The houses of the Egyptians
All the cities of Ancient Egypt arose along the Nile River. Houses and
buildings were made of sun-dried clay and straw. For this reason today
there are few remains. Other buildings, such as temples or tombs, have
survived till today because they were built with stone. The people lived
in houses formed by two or three rooms at most. A staircase led to the
roof, where the inhabitants could sleep when it was very hot.The houses
of rich people, however, were very large, because they housed the barn,
the servants' quarters and the inner courtyard.
The funeral equipment
The Egyptians believed that there was another life after death, and for this reason, they made numerous cures to the preparation of life in the afterlife. The body had to be kept intact, and it was necessary to bring with it the most expensive objects. But only the most important and rich people, the Pharaohs, could hope to keep their body intact, through a particular technique: "mummification". Once the body was mummified, it was brought into the pyramid, along with all the objects: jewelry, clothes, furniture, food of all kinds. This was the funeral kit.
The statues of the pharaohs and their deities
To show their magnificence, the pharaohs had statues built for
themselves. Depending on the importance of the person depicted, the size
of the statue varied. The pharaohs therefore had very high statues, as
you can see in the following images.
In ancient Egypt, the use of the sarcophagus dates back to the early dynasties. The sarcophagus is a majestic tomb, of precious stone, very often enriched with bas-reliefs and decorations. Hieroglyphic phrases were also transcribed on them. The sarcophagi were intended for the richest people and the pharaohs.